University of Rwanda,Research directorate

UR Scientific Publications

The University of Rwanda publishes Research books and Scientific Journals. Among them is the Rwanda Journal which was introduced in 1965 by the former national University of Rwanda (NUR) under the name L’Informateur with ISNN: 0019 – 9885 by then it was a forum for sharing information on academic matters. In January 1977, it was renamed Etudes Rwandaises with ISSN: 1011 ‐4874 and focused on publishing research works conducted in or on Rwanda. Etudes Rwandaises published two series: (i) Arts and Humanities and (ii) Basic, Natural and Applied Sciences. Publication was not regular and it was interrupted in 1992 due to civil unrest. Publication was resumed in 2000. In 2009 its name changed to Rwanda Journal: ISSN Print: 2305 – 2678, ISSN Online: 2305 – 5944 and the journal has been indexed in 2010 with Africa Journals Online (AJOL) as an internationally recognised Peer Reviewed Journal. AJOL website has a Google PageRank of 8. Rwanda Journal has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) since 2011 tagged with CrossRef. Another Journal of UR is the Rwanda Journal of Health Sciences which was introduced by the fromer Kigali Health Institute (KHI) and got indexed by AJOL in 2012. This Journal has been merged with the Rwanda Journal Series F. The third Journal is the Rwandan Journal of Education which UR inherited from the former Kigali Institute of Education (KIE). Also this journal has been indexed with AJOL recently in 2015. UR now has the following Journals 9 Journals:

College of Agriculture, Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine (CAVM)
1. Rwanda Journal Series E: Agriculture Sciences

College of Arts and Social Sciences (CASS)
2. Rwanda Journal Series A: Arts and Humanities
3. Rwanda Journal Series B: Social Sciences
4. Rwanda Journal Series G: Law

College of Business and Economics (CBE)
5. Rwanda Journal Series H: Economics and Management

College of Education (CE)
6. Rwandan Journal of Education

College of Medicine and Heath Sciences (CMHS)
7. Rwanda Journal Series F: Health Sciences

College of Science and Technology (CST)
8. Rwanda Journal Series C: Mathematical Sciences, Engineering and Technology
9. Rwanda Journal Series D: Life sciences and Natural sciences

Each Series has its editorial board to ensure that articles get the best attention in terms of rigor and speed in the peer review process. Abstracts of articles published since 2000 can be found on the following link:

I. List of articles published by Rwanda Journal, 2000 – 2013
Rwanda Journal ISSN 2305-2678 (Print); ISSN 2305-5944 (Online)
Series E: Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 1 No 1, 2013
1. D. Nsabimana, C.S. Iradukunda, A. Gasogo, Diversity and abundance of litter insects within some exotic tree species in the arboretum of Ruhande, Rwanda (pages 3-14), DOI :
2. C. Bucagu, J. J. M. Mbonigaba and B. Uwumukiza, Effects of mineral and organic fertilizers on crop productivity and nutrient use efficiency in smallholder farms of Southern Rwanda. (pages 15-36), DOI :
3. Rwanyiziri, G., Rugema, J., Climate Change Effects on Food Security in Rwanda: Case Study of Wetland Rice Production in Bugesera District. (pages 37-53), DOI :
4. J. P. Murekezi, J. Nduwamungu and E. Munyanziza, Investigation of survival rate of trees planted in agroforestry and forest plantations in HuyeDistrict from 2007 to 2011 and underlying factors (pages 54-63), DOI :
5. D. Nsabimana, D. Tuyisingize, Y. Gasangwa, Abundance, Distribution and Ecology of Flycatchers in the Arboretum of Ruhande in Rwanda (pages 64-75), DOI :
6. C. B. Athuman and H. H. Nkotagu, A Limnological Survey of Malagarasi River in Western Tanzania (pages 76-91), DOI:

F: Health Sciences, Vol. 1 No 1, 2013
1. Claude Mambo Muvunyi, Florence Masaisa, Claude Bayingana, Léon Mutesa, André Musemakweri, Antimicrobial Resistance and Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase (ESBL) Producing Clinical Isolates from Urinary Tract Infection at two teaching hospitals in Rwanda. (pages 3-16), DOI :
2. J. L. Murorunkwere, Mwambi H, A Complex Survey Data Analysis of to Mortality in South Africa. (pages 17-29), DOI :
3. Olukemi Asemota, HIV/AIDS Management and The Mobile Workforce: A Case Study of Security Forces in Namibia. (pages 30-44), DOI :
4. Claude Bayingana, Jean Luc Kayitare, Egide Kayitare, Innocent Hahirwa, Claude Mambo Muvunyi, André Musemakweli, Antibiotic Activity Assessment of Bacterial Strains Isolated from Urine Samples at Butare University Teaching Hospital (Buth) Laboratory. (pages 45-66), DOI:
5. Vincent Sezibera, and Domitile Nyirasafari, Incidence of depression in Epilepsy patients. (pages 67-77), DOI:

Series H: Economics and Management, Vol. 1 No 1, 2013
1. R. Bizoza and P. Byishimo, Agricultural Productivity and Policy Interventions in Nyamagabe District, Southern Province Rwanda (pages 3-19), DOI :
2. M. D. Kayihura, The Corporate Governance approach in the light of classical approaches: The shareholder versus the stakeholder. The case of Rwanda (pages 20-31), DOI :
3. Gisaro M. Ya-Bititi, Socio-economic impact of rural farming structure in Rwanda: Case of KOPAKAMA coffee growing cooperative and coffee washing station, Rutsiro District, Western Province. (pages 32-51), DOI :
4. N. Mulinga, Economic Analysis of Factors Affecting Technical Efficiency of Smallholders Maize Production in Rwanda. (pages 52-62), DOI :
5. C Ingabire, Bizoza, A.R, and Mutware, J., Determinants and Profitability of Rice production in Cyabayaga Watershed, Eastern Province, Rwanda (pages 63-75), DOI :

Series B: Social Sciences, Volume 1 No 1, 2013
1. E. S. Serupia, Staff Retention in Public Universities in Rwanda: Diagnostics and Strategies of Intervention (Pges 3-20), DOI :
2. D. E. Gberevbie, Ethical Issues and Nigeria’s Quest for Development (Pges 21-35) DOI :
3. S. Wiehler and Fiona Umutoni, Analysing memoir Topic trends in the Social and Political Sciences in the Faculty of Arts, media and Social Sciences at NUR (Pges 36-48), DOI :
4. E. S. Serupia, Impact of Communication and Information on the motivation of the staff in the public services in Rwanda (Pges 49-70), DOI :
5. L. Dushimiman, States’ Cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Pges 71-91), DOI :

Volume 28 Series E, 2012: Agricultural Sciences
1. Bonaventure Ntirugulirwa, Theodore Asiimwe, Jean Gapusi, Amini Mutaganda, Gakwerere Nkuba, Antoine Nyirigira Ruzindana, David Ntabana, Bizeye Barnabé, Jane Kahia and Daphrose Gahakwa, Influence of Bud Position on Mother Stem and Soaking Duration on Sprouting of Bamboo Cuttings, DOI :
2. Simon Rukera Tabaro, Onisimo Mutanga, Denis Rugege, and Jean-Claude Micha, Rabbit droppings as an organic fertilizer in earthen ponds, to improve growth and production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., in Rwanda, DOI :
3. Shivachi A., Kiplagat K. O., Kinyua G. M, Microsatellite analysis of selected Lablab purpureus genotypes in Kenya, DOI:
4. Alphonsine Kenyangi and Wim Blok, Vermicompost as a component in potting mixes for growth promotion in ornamental plants, DOI:
5. Nduwamungu, J. and Munyanziza, E Agroforestry practice in villages surrounding Nyamure former refugee camp, Nyanza District: tree species and purpose, DOI:
6. Rukundo Placide, Ulinzwenimana Clément, Uwase Fraçoise and, Ahishakiye Vedaste, Comparative study of effects of table sugar, laboratory grade sucrose and mannitol on growth of banana plantlets under in vitro conditions, DOI:
7. J. Masengesho, J.c. Nshimiyimana, N. Senkesha, P. Y. K. Sallah, Performance of Irish Potato Varieties Under Aeroponic Conditions In Rwanda, DOI:
8. Daphrose Gahakwa, Theodore Asiimwe, Ntizo Senkensha, Jöelle Kajuga, Placide Rukundo, Esperance Munganyinka and Jane Kahia, Biotechnology for improving food security in Rwanda, DOI:
Volume 27 Series C 2012 : Mathematical Sciences, Engineering and Technology
1. Fredrik Berntsson, Fidèle Ndahayo, Yves Nyalihama and, Jean Marie Vianney Munyeshyaka, Simulation of a Shielded Thermocouple, DOI :
2. Joseph Nzabanita Static Equilibrium Configurations of Charged Metallic Bodies,
3. Cesar Niyomugabo, and Célestin Twizere A Conceptual Model for Remote Data Acquisition Using SMSLib Software. Case study: Kivu Lake Water Level, DOI :
4. J. P. M. Mulumba, T. J. O. Afullo and N. Ijumba, Climate Change and Hydropower Challenges In Southern Africa, DOI :
5. Punitha Lakshmi Balraj and S. M. Pavalam, Integrating ICT in Agriculture for Knowledge-Based Economy,
6. Dembo Ibrahim Sankareh, Adronis Niyonkuru, and Felix Akorli, Deploying Affordable and Available Telecommunications Infrastrcuture for the Education Sector in The Gambia,
7. Marie Emmanuel Ntigura Habingabwa, Fidèle Ndahayo and Fredrik Berntsson, Air Pollution Tracking using PDEs,

Volume 26 Series B 2012 : Social Sciences
1. Felicia O. Akinyemi and Florent Bigirimana, A Spatial Analysis of Poverty in Kigali, Rwanda using indicators of household living standard, DOI :
2. Jean chrysostome Ngabitsinze, Trade, Standards and Vertical Coordination: Evidence from The Rwandan Coffee Sector, DOI :
3. Vincent Byusa The Gospel of Foreign Aid: A Theoretical Note, DOI :
4. Pamela Abbot, The Role of Non-farm Household Enterprises in Poverty Reduction, Employment Creation and Economic Growth in Rwanda. DOI :
5. Mukamana Liberata, The Contribution of Women Organizations to the Economic Empowerment of Craftswomen: Case Study of The National Association of Women Organizations in Uganda (Nawou), DOI :
6. Alfred R. Bizoza and Gloria Umutoni , Socio-Economic Impacts of Rain Water Harvesting Technologies in Rwanda: A case study of Nyaruguru District, Southern Province, DOI :
7. Vincent Byusa & David Nkusi, The effects of credit policy on bank performance: Evidence from selected Rwandan Commercial banks, DOI :
8. Jules M. RUBYUTSA, The Role of Remittance in Development: The Case of Rwandan Diaspora’ Remittances, DOI :
Volume 25 Series D, 2012: Life Sciences, and Natural Sciences
1. Hermogène Nsengimana, B. Bigirimana, M. Suwa, A. Mukubwa, W. Debruyn, and N. Kalisa, Assessment of heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd and Fe) in the groundwater wells in the vicinity of Nyanza Municipal Solid waste in Kigali City- Rwanda, DOI :
2. By Kalisa Nyirimbibi, Usanzineza Denise, Uwamariya Valentine and Sekomo Christian, Potentiometric determination of Tantalum content in ores using an ion selective membrane electrode,
3. Twarabamenye Emmanuel and Nyandwi Emmanuel, Understanding Informal Urban Land Market Functioning in Peri-urban Areas of Secondary Towns of Rwanda: Case Study of Tumba Sector, Butare Town, DOI :
4. Hermogène Nsengimana, Alexis Munyentwali, Protais Muhayimana and Théoneste Muhizi, Assessment of heavy metals leachability from traditional clay pots “inkono”and “ibibindi” used as food contact materials, DOI :
5. By J. B. Hishamunda, C. Girabawe, T. P. Pogrebnaya, and A. M. Pogrebnoi , Theoretical study of properties of Cs2Cl+, CsCl2−, Cs3Cl2+, and Cs2Cl3− ions: Effect of Basis set and Computation Method,
6. Bizimana Jean Pierre, Mugiraneza Theodomir, Twarabamenye Emmanuel and Mukeshimana Marie Rose, Land Tenure Security in Informal Settlements of Kigali City. Case study in Muhima Sector, DOI :
7. Hermogène. Nsengimana, F. Masengesho, Kalisa Nyirimbibi, Some physico-chemical characteristics of ground water in Rwanda, DOI :

Volume 24, Series E, 2011: Agricultural Sciences
1. Théoneste Muhizi, Jean Paul Sinumvayo, Jean Baptiste Nkurunziza, Stéphane Grelier, Véronique Coma, Antibacterial activity assessment of different crude extracts obtained from the leaves of Caesalpinia decapitala grown in Rwanda.
2. M.G. Umuhozariho, N.B. Shayo, J.M. Msuya and P.Y.K. Sallah, Utilization of Cassava Leaves as a Vegetable in Rwanda.
3. By Rukera Tabaro S. O. Mutanga, and J.-C Micha, Optimization of an Integrated Rabbit-Fish-Rice System for Sustainable Production in Rwanda.
4. Sung Kyu KIM, Kevin TIESSEN, Arlyne BEECHE, Jeannette MUKANKURUNZIZA and Aloys KAMATARI, Cattle manure management in Rwanda – A case of Girinka cow beneficiaries in the district of Ngoma.
5. Isidore Mushiyimana, Emmanuel Hakizimana, Gervais Gashaka, Peter Yao Kanze Sallah, Safia Kalisa, Felix Gatunzi, Theodore Asiimwe, Jane Kahia and Daphrose Gahakwa, Micro-Propagation of Disease Resistant Cassava Variety in Rwanda.
6. Bancy Waweru, Rodrigue Ishimwe, Joëlle Kajuga, Boniface Kagiraneza, Peter Yao Kanze Sallah, Vedaste Ahishakiye, Safia Kalisa, Theodore Asiimwe, Jane Kahia and Daphrose Gahakwa, In vitro Plant Regeneration of Cyphomandra betacea through Nodal Culture.
7. By Isidore Mushimiyimana, Theodore Asiimwe, Cassilde Dusabe, Felix Gatunzi, Jerome Ndahimana, Vedaste Ahishakiye, Jane Kahia and Daphrose Gahakwa , In Vitro Propagation of Vanilla in Rwanda.
Volume 23, Series C, 2011: Mathematical Sciences, Engineering and Technology
1. Levi Mbugua Peter Mwita Samuel Mwalili, Application of Nonparametric Methods in Studying Energy Consumption.
2. G. Ayugi, E.J.K.B. Banda, F.M. D. Ujanga , Local Thermal Insulating Materials For Thermal Energy Storage
3. Oreste HAGENIMANA1 and Verdiana Grace MASANJA, An Optimal Design Model for New Water Distribution Networks in Kigali City.
4. Weyers S.J., Sebitosi AB. Okou R., Phase change material selection for small scale solar energy storage systems.
5. Jean Marie Vianney Bikorimana, A Low-Power Floating-Turbine Generation System for Small Rural Communities.
F. Rurangwa, G.A. Migunga, A.E. Kweka and E. Mauya, Productivity and Energy Expenditure by Sawyers When Using Pitsawing and Portable Steel Log Sawing Platforms in Agroforestry Farms. By F. Rurangwa, G.A. Migunga,
6. Amini. Kweka, Fatihiya Massawe, Sam Wambura and Djouna Mignouna, Feasibility Study on Solar lighting for Poverty Alleviation in Rural Communities in Southern Tanzania.
Volume 22, Series B, 2011: Social Sciences
1. Penine Uwimbabazi and Ralph Lawrence, Compelling factors of urbanization and rural-urban migration in Rwanda.
2. Herman Musahara, A socio –economic analysis of the Nature of Rural-urban migration dynamics in Rwanda 1960 to 2010.
3. Edward Mutandwa, Placide Uwimana, Nathan Kanuma Taremwa, Canisius Gakwandi and Frank Mugisha, An analysis of the determinants of rural to urban migration among rural youths in northern and western provinces of Rwanda.
4. Jose A. Mathai, Edouard Musabanganji, Celine Niwemahoro, Leonidas Banamwana. Martin Uwitonze and Alphonsine Mukamana, A study of institutional environment and household food security at local level in Rwanda
5. Aline Mutabazi , Redistributive land reform in Rwanda: The impact on household food security.
Volume 21, Series D, 2010: Life Sciences & Natural Sciences
1. By Jean Nepomuscene Namugize, Hermogène Nsengimana, Martin schmid, External Nutrient Inputs into Lake Kivu: Rivers and Atmospheric Depositions Measured in Kibuye.
2. Christine H. Niyotwambaza, Innocent Nhapi, Umaru Garba wali and Simon Rukera Tabaro, Nutrient Distribution in a Fish Pond at Rwasave Fish Farming and Research Station, Rwanda.
3. Théodomir Mugiraneza Land policy reform in Rwanda: A Catalyst for Land Information Provision.
4. Vincent Sezibera, Intervening on persistent PTSD and co-morbid depression: Rumination Focused Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy (RFCBT) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of young survivors of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda.
Volume 20, Series C, 2011: Mathematical sciences, Engineering and Technology
1. Safari Bonfils & Jimmy Gasore Monthly Wind Characteristics and Wind Energy in Rwanda.
2. Umereweneza Daniel & Li Sifang, Kinetic modeling and thermodynamic studies on purification of Polyvinylpyrrolidone by adsorption.
3. Anastase Hakizimana, Abdelhamid Maali & Touria Cohen-Bouhacina, Structuration et nanorhéologie d’un liquide confiné: étude par AFM dynamique.
4. Clarisse Kagoyire Web geoprocessing services on GML with a fast XML database.
5. François Niragire, Ann Wangombe & Thomas N O Achia, Use of the shared frailty model to identify the determinants of child mortality in Rwanda.
6. Isdore Mahara, Parallel Vector Fields and Einstein Equations of Gravity.

Volume 19, Series B, 2010, Social Sciences
1. Alfred R. BIZOZA, Sustainable Peace and Development in the Great Lakes Region, Africa.
2. Charles J. Kiiza, International Dispensation: the Case of Burundi’s Civil Conflict.
3. Pamela Abbott et al., Well-Being in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
4. Eugénie BYUKUSENGE, An assessment of the utility of Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory in explaining employee Job satisfaction at SAPREF (South African Petroleum Refinery.
5. Vincent Byusa, Chinese External Assistance to Rwanda.
6. Jeannette Bayisenge, Access to Paid Work and Women’s Empowerment in Rwanda.
Volume 18, Series A, 2010, Arts and Humanities
1. Alphonse Kabano, La longueur vocalique en kinyarwanda : statut linguistique et contraintes orthographiques.
2. Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI, Etude linguistique chez les Baráshi/Banyaambo du Rwanda.
3. Jeanne Nyirahabimana, «La fille dans l’impasse»: étude socio-sémiotique d’un conte rwandais.
4. Serupia Semuhoza Etienne, La motivation au travail dans un contexte de changement : Cas du ministère de l’éducation.

Volume 17 - September 2009, Série D : Life Sciences & Natural Sciences
1. Kimenyi Patrick, Kabakura M. Godefroy & Bajyana S. Emmanuel, Etude in vitro de l’activité antibactérienne et fongique de l’extrait hydroéthanolique des écorces de Maytenus undata.
2. Mugiraneza J. Pierre, Nshimiyimana & Bajyana S. Emmanuel, Evaluation de l’efficacité de l’extrait éthanoïque de Maytenus undata (THUMB.) BLAKELOCK sur les germes responsables des diarrhées glairosanglantes..
3. T.Muhizi, E. Bienvenu, J.B. Nkurikiyimfura, The antifungal activity of methanol and ether extracts of the leaves of Leonotis nepetaefolia.
4. J.J.M. Mbonigaba, I. Nzeyimana, C. Bucagu & M. Culot, Caractérisation physique, chimique et microbiologique de trois sols acides tropicaux du Rwanda sous jachères naturelles: contraintes a leur productivité.
5. J.J.M. Mbonigaba & M. Culot, Reclamation of an acid soil of Rwanda’s central upland by composts based on natural vegetation biomass.
6. Claude Bizimana, Population pressure and farm fragmentation: Challenges facing agriculture in Rwanda.
7. A.M. Jose, Sustainable agricultural development and environment: conflicts and contradictions in the context of Rwandan agriculture.
8. Canisius P. Mugunga; Growth and quality of Grevillea robusta provenances in Ruhande Arboretum, Butare, Rwanda.


Volume 16 - Novembre 2008 Série Sciences exactes, naturelles et appliquées
1. Stijn Dewaele, Luc Tack, Max Fernandez-Alonzo, Adrian Boyce, Philippe Muchez, Jens Schneider, Gavin Cooper & Kenneth Wheeler, Geology and mineralization of the Gatumba area, Rwanda (Central Africa): Present state of knowledge.
2. Bernd Lehmann, Frank Melcher, Maria A. Sitnikova & Jean Ruzindana Munana, The Gatumba rare-metal pegmatites: chemical signature and environmental impact.
3. Vaillant Byizigiro Rutazuyaza & Michael Biryabarema, Geomorphologic processes in Gatumba mining area.
4. Anika Reetsch, François Naramabuye, Walter Pohl, Dieter Zachmann, Kerstin Trümper, Judith Flügge & Rolf Nieder, Properties and quality of soils in the open-cast mining district of Gatumba, Rwanda.
5. Judith Flügge, Andrew Muwanga, Kerstin Trümper, Dieter Zachmann & Walter Pohl, Environmental assessment of stream water and sediments in Gatumba tin and tantalum mining district, Rwanda.
6. Charles Bucagu, A. Rwakimazi, Canisius P. Mugunga & Daniel Rukazambuga, Farming system in the Gatumba area and impact of mining.
7. Canisius P. Mugunga, A. Rwakimanzi, Charles Bucagu & Daniel Rukazambuga, On farm tree planting for rehabilitation of mining sites in Ngazo-Gatumba area of Ngororero District, Rwanda.
8. Pontien Ndabaneze, Ildephonse Habarugira & Candide Muhongere, Étude de la végétation de la zone minière du district de Gatumba (Rwanda).
9. Wycliff Kawule & Andrew Muwanga, An overview of columbo-tantalite occurrence and mining in Uganda.
10. Louis Nahimana & Marcien Sendegeya, Impact des exploitations de coltan dans la région de Kabarore (Nord du Burundi).
11. Jean-Baptiste Ntagoma K., Le cauchemar de l’exploitation de coltan au Sud-Kivu : cas de Kamituga dans le territoire de Mwenga, République Démocratique du Congo.
12. Heike Schenk-Mathes, Evaluating economic and environmental consequences of long-term projects – tantalum mining in Central Africa.

Volume 15 - Novembre 2007 Série Lettres et Sciences Humaines
1. IGIRANEZA Théodomir, Insertion and deletion of segments: the reconstruction of the word for water in Olucíga, Kinyarwaanda, Kiruúndi and Kiswahili.
2. Evariste NTAKIRUTIMANA, Kiswahili nchini Rwanda: Kupanda na kushuka.
3. Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI, QU’EST-CE QUE LE KINYAGISAKA? Contribution à la dialectologie rwandaise.
4. Evariste Ntakirutimana, L’enfant de la rue à travers son langage.
5. Jean-Claude UWIRINGIYIMANA, Les stratégies discursives de représentation de l'Autre dans le grand reportage et le récit de voyage: L'Afrique du Sud. Cette inconnue d'Andrée Viollis et Des mille collines aux neuf volcans de Marie Gevers.
6. Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI, DE L’AUTRE COTE DU MIROIR. Le symbolisme sexuel en littérature orale rwandaise.
7. Jean-Claude UWIRINGIYIMANA, L’hétérogénéité des frontières du Rwanda colonial dans Des Mille collines aux neuf volcans de Marie Gevers.
Volume 14 - Août 2007 Série Sciences naturelles et appliquées
1. Déo R. RUTAMU et al, Implementation of the Core Cadastral Domain Model in a Distributed Environment using Open GIS Standards.
2. Jean Paul DUSHIMUMUREMYI, Water Resources and GIS: A Contribution to the Development of a Decision Support Systems for Water Resources Management in BUGESERA, RWANDA.
3. Dr. Charles NTAGANDA et Thomas NTAHUMWE, Effets de l’action anthropique sur la diversité biologique des zones humides du Rwanda. Cas des marais de la Nyabarongo et Akanyaru.
4. François LYUMUGABE, CONTRIBUTION A LA TRANSFORMATION DES FRUITS PAR LA BIOTECHNOLOGIE : Etude de la sélection des souches de levures performantes impliquées dans la fermentation de jus d’orange.
5. Didace HABUMUGISHA, Etude de l’influence des impédances parasites sur le comportement d’un convertisseur Forward possédant un rapport de transformation élevé.
6. Raymond MUGANGA, Luteolin levels in selected folkloric preparations and the bioavailability of luteolin from Artemisia afra aqueous extract in the vervet monkey.
7. Cyprien BARIBWIRA et al., Infection Néonatale bactérienne précoce au CHUK et CHUB.
Volume 13 - Août 2007 Série Lettres et Sciences Sociales
1. Basinga Paulin et al., Assessment of the role of forum theatre in HIV/AIDS behavioral change process among secondary school adolescents in Butare province, Rwanda.
2. François MASABO, Impact de l’aveu dans la lutte contre la stigmatisation et la discrimination des PVVIH/SIDA.
3. Alfred Bizoza and Gerald F. Ortmann, Networking model towards sustainable agriculture in Gikongoro province, Rwanda.
4. Emma Carine UWANTEGE, Agricultural cooperatives as strategy for rural development in Rwanda: a case study of COVEPAR.
5. PENELOPE MBABAZI, Perceived quality of loan appraisal reports and loan performance. A survey of selected banks in Rwanda.
6. Kabwete Mulinda Charles, Le sauvetage de quelques rescapés du génocide des Tutsi dans les communes Gishamvu et Kigembe au Rwanda.
7. Beata M. SHYAKA et Ignatiana MUKARUSANGA, Musicothérapie pour la jeunesse scolaire ayant des blessures psychiques conséquentes au génocide de 1994.
8. Innocent TWAGILIMANA, et al., Pour une pédagogie convergente en milieu multilingue : Recherche-action sur l’intégration de l’enseignement /apprentissage du français et du kinyarwanda.
9. Pravda MFURANKUNDA, Towards Integrating Television Materials into English Teaching and Learning at National University of Rwanda: an Exploratory Case Study of the Second Year English Course.
10. Jeanne NYIRAHABIMANA, Présence Africaine, 1947-1967: émergence du discours critique littéraire africain francophone. Stratégies discursives et cognitives.
11. Jean Claude UWIRINGIYIMANA, Regards croisés sur l’Autre culturel dans la littérature rwandaise coloniale autochtone et allogène.

Volume 12 - Septembre 2006 Série Sciences exactes, naturelles et appliquées
1. Léocadie KAMAGAJU1, et al., Etude chimique des huiles essentielles de Lippia multiflora Moldenke et de Cymbopogon giganteus chiov. Du TOGO.
2. T. Muhizi1, et al., The extraction, fractionation and evaluation of compounds from the leaves of Leonotis leonorus for anticonvulsant activity.
3. JMV SENYANZOBE1, et al., Etudes ethnobotanique, écologique et propriétés antifongiques de mondia whitei (hook.f.) Skeels (asclepidiaceae).
4. J. M. WALANGULULU et al., Effect of seed dressing with Imidaclopride on the control of aphids transmitting bean common mosaic.
5. J. M. WALANGULULU et al., Evaluation des clones de manioc en essai avancé de rendement pour la résistance à l’acarien vert du manioc Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar)(Acarina, Teranychidae) au Rwanda.
6. BAJYANA Songa Emmanuel et al., PCR à partir d’ADN proviral extrait du sang desséché sur papier filtre comme technique alternative pour le diagnostic du VIH chez des nourrissons au Rwanda.
7. Canisius P. MUGUNGA, Growth and Quality of Five Plantation Pines in Rwanda.
Volume 11 - Mars 2006
Recherche Scientifique et Développement, Actes de la Deuxième Conférence Annuelle de la Recherche Scientifique, (16 articles)
1. J.B. M.M. DHETCHUVI & R.J.GAKWAVU, Etude préliminaire de la régénération en forêt de montagne du Rwanda : cas de huit espèces d’arbres illégalement exploitées en Forêt de Nyungwe.
2. Jean Bosco GAHUTU, Physiological adaptation to moderate altitude in Butare.
3. André MUSEMAKWERI, Coinfection VIH/SIDA et Paludisme Placentaire chez la femme enceinte au décours de l’accouchement: cas du Centre Hospitalier de Kigali.
4. Callixte GATALI & Frank Brewer, Perceived Barriers and Opportunities to the Linkage of Research, Education and Extension in Rwanda.
5. Jean-Claude BIZIMANA, Analysis of the Rwandan extension system: the relationships between the Extension field workers and the farmers for information delivery.
6. G. MUKESHIMANA & James D. Kelly, Molecular Characterization of Disease Resistance in Local Rwandan Bean Varieties.
7. Védaste BUTERA, Stratégie d’internationalisation des entreprises de tourisme et performance. "Illustration par l’industrie hôtelière".
8. Félicien USENGUMUKIZA, Les problèmes de transport et transit dans les pays sans littoral de l'Afrique sub-Saharienne.
9. Fred MUGISHA, Investment Climate and Foreign Direct Investment Flow to Rwanda.
10. Sharon HABA, The Relationship of Willingness-to-Pay and Demographics for Agricultural Information Delivery Technologies - A Case Study from Rwanda.
11. Ezéchiel SENTAMA, The role of local non governmental organizations in poverty reduction in Rwanda: a case study of Butare Province.
12. Charles KABWETE MULINDA, The Dynamic Aspect of Some Traditional Institutions in Precolonial Rwanda.
13. Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI, L’engagement anticolonialiste en littérature africaine : Fin d’une époque.
14. Faustin MUTWARASIBO, Dual-Medium Language of Instruction Policy and Practices in Rwandan Higher Education : A Case Study of the National University of Rwanda.
15. Anne Marie KAGWESAGE, Towards English for Academic Purposes in the Rwandan Context: The Case of the First Year of the Management Faculty -National University of Rwanda.
16. Jean MUTABARUKA, Rwanda, à l’aube du génocide de 1994 : émergence d’une socio-psychopathologie.

Volume 10 - Novembre 2005 Série Sciences exactes, naturelles et appliquées
1. J. Kabera et al., Caractérisation des huiles essentielles d’Hyptis spicigera Lam., Pluchea ovalis (Pers.) DC. et Laggera aurita (L.F.) Benth. Ex. C.B. Clarke, plantes aromatiques tropicales.
2. Ismael Musafiri M.Wazo et al., Leucaena leucocephala, source prometteuse d’un nouveau réactif pour l’analyse du fer ferrique dans les pays en développement.
3. Placide Rukundo et Emmanuel Bajyana Songa, Caractérisation Physico-chimique de l’huile de Ricin (Ricinus Communis) des deux variétés Rwandaises.
4. Jean Bosco Gahutu and Justin Wane, Values of Serum Electrolytes and Proteins in Rwandan Students in Butare.
5. Jean Bosco Gahutu and Justin Wane, Hematocrit and Red Blood Cell Count Values in Rwandan Students in Butare.

Volume 9 - Septembre 2005 Série Lettres et Sciences HumainesLe génocide de 1994, Idéologie et Mémoire
1. Faustin RUTEMBESA, Les récits du peuplement du Rwanda et la manipulation identitaire.
2. Jean Marie KAYISHEMA, Mythes et croyances au coeur du génocide au Rwanda.
3. Josias SEMUJANGA, Les fonctions des récits de chasse dans le génocide au Rwanda.
4. Célestin M. KANIMBA, Préservation de la mémoire du génocide : rôles, actions et stratégies.
5. Augustin RUDACOGORA, Mémoire des sites et sites de mémoire au Rwanda après 1994.
6. Charles M. KABWETE, Chapter Review: Lemarchand, R., «Comparing the killing fields : Rwanda, Cambodia and Bosnia».
7. Jacques SEMELIN, Eléments pour une grammaire du massacre

Volume 8 - Décembre 2004Recherche Scientifique et Développement Actes de la Première Conférence Annuelle de la Recherche Scientifique
1. NSABIMANA Donat, An assessment of soil microbial biomass and microbial activity as means to evaluate soil fertility
2. NZEYIMANA Innocent, An Evaluation of Conventional and No-Tillage Systems on Soil Physical Conditions.
3. KAYITARE Egide, Formulation and evaluation of tablets manufactured from Dodonaea angustifolia plant material.
4. NKERAMIHIGO Emmanuel, Diagnostic coprologique versus sérologique d’Entamoeba histolytica et Entamoeba dispar : étude comparative dans une zone endémique.
5. NTAGANIRA Joseph, Kibirizi Child Survival Program: Knowledge, Practice and Coverage Baseline survey.
6. NGAGI Alphonse, La protection des intérêts économiques des consommateurs dans le cadre du libéralisme économique en droit rwandais.
7. KARINGANIRE Charles, The role of social work in the socio-economic development of Rwanda : a comparative sociological analysis of south Africa and Rwanda.
8. Masumbuko FIKIRINI, PERTINENCE ET EQUITE DE L’EDUCATION NON FORMELLE. Que deviennent les compétences des femmes rwandaises déscolarisées et non scolarisées au Rwanda post-génocide ?
9. MUKARUSANGA Ignatiana, Les violences sexuelles sur les enfants au Rwanda.
10. RUTAZANA Angéline, Justice et Gacaca : L’expérience Rwandaise et le GENOCIDE.
11. J.P.DUSINGIZEMUNGU, Problématique des soins palliatifs au Rwanda.

Volume 7 Série Lettres et Sciences Humaines Septembre 2003
1. Construction d’une mémoire: Fest’Africa 2000 et le génocide de 1994 au Rwanda. Par Augustin RUDACOGORA
2. De L’Écart comme une réécriture de La nausée. Par Albert RUBERA
3. Straton RURANGIRWA, Evolution du phénomène de l’emprunt lexical en kinyarwanda.
4. J.M. KAYISHEMA, La dimension mythico-rituelle de Huis-clos de Jean-Paul Sartre.
5. Jean-Crhysostome Nkejabahizi, Langue et Culture : les wellérismes du Rwanda. Approche ethnolinguistique.
6. J.P. KAREGEYE , Comptable de ses actes. Une lecture de Sartre.

Volume 6 - Décembre 2002 Série Lettres et Sciences Humaines

1. Par Robert Sebisaho, Le nouvel essor de la culture du texte. Opportunités pour l’Afrique
2. Théodomir Igiraneza, African languages can be used for teaching Scientific and Technological concepts.
3. Evariste Ntakirutimana, L’argumentation dans le discours sur le SIDA : le cas de conseils aux personnes séropositives et aux personnes atteintes.
4. Par Evariste Ntakirutimana, L’argumentation dans le discours sur le SIDA : le cas de conseils aux personnes séropositives et aux personnes atteintes.
5. Evode Mukama , More than one lesson: managing the process of curriculum change in the National University of Rwanda. A case study
6. Anastase Shyaka Les conflits internationaux en Afrique des Grands Lacs et les esquisses de leur résolution. Par Anastase Shyaka
7. J. P. Dusingizemungu «Etude de la dévalorisation des repères identitaires chez les jeunes rwandais. Approche de reconstruction par l’école ».
8. Alphonse Kabano Notes sur la pensée de David Lightfoot en syntaxe diachronique
Volume 5 -Septembre 2002 Série Sciences Exactes, Naturelles et Appliquées
1. Par R. M. Byakagaba, ANOVA sous le modèle de la matrice normale ayant une matrice de covariance particulière.
2. Casimir Museruka & Fabien Habyarimana, Validation d’un modèle d’estimation de l’irradiation solaire par voie photovoltaïque.
3. Jean Jacques Mbonigaba, M. Culot & J.D. Maniraguha, Comparaison de différents types de compostages de matières organiques diverses non valorisées par les paysans au Rwanda.
4. J.J. Mbonigaba, M. Culot & R. Bizimana , Effets de divers types de matières organiques en comparaison avec une fertilisation minérale sur les propriétés et la productivité d’un sol acide au Rwanda.
5. Par Masamba J. Walangululu, G. Gashaka & Rutikanga L. Mayala, Evaluation de la mosaïque africaine du manioc en rapport avec les dates de plantation du manioc.
6. Valentine Uwamaliya & J. B. R. Rulinda, Etude comparée et transformation des amidons extraits des tubercules de , manioc et de patate douce.

Volume 4 - Septembre 2002 Série Spéciale
Silas Mureramanzi et al, Causes du désintérêt des étudiants pour les Sciences pures.

Volume 3 - June 2001 Série Lettres et Sciences Humaines

1. Maurice Bucagu Linkages between Poverty and Population. Lessons learned (Rwanda case study).
2. A. M. Jose, Gearing Rwandan Agriculture for Poverty Alleviation. Herman Musahara , Poverty and Education: Some critical links and issues with reference to Rwanda.
3. M. A. Lizy, Fighting Poverty in Rwanda : Provision of basic minimum services through people’s participation.
4. Rama B.Rao & Uzziel Ndagijimana, Cooperatives as a means of Poverty Alleviation in Rwanda. A focus on practical solutions.
5. Géral Rutazibwa, La femme et la lutte contre la pauvreté.
6. Chrysologue Kubwimana, Conditions de réussite de l’intégration économique africaine.

Volume 2 –Décembre 2000 Série Sciences Exactes, Naturelles et Appliquées
1. Raphaël M. Byakagaba Construction d’une matrice de covariance partiellement de type H.
2. Désiré Karangwa La libration de l’Argument de Laplace dans le système galiléen de Jupiter.
3. Désiré Karangwa La libration de l’Argument de Laplace dans le système galiléen de Jupiter.
4. Apollinaire Munyaneza et J. B. R. Rulinda, Etudes des possibilités d’utilisation des roches volcaniques pour fertiliser les sols.
5. Christian B. Sekomo et Jean Baptiste R. Rulinda , Etude de valorisation des déchets ménagers par biométhanisation (épluchures de pomme de terre, haricot et riz).
Volume 1 – July 2000 Série Lettres et Sciences Humaines
1. Alphonse Kabano , Quand le ballon joue les enfants : Le sujet inversé est-il complément en Kinyarwanda ?
2. Charles K. Migab, Etude de la variation d’un Poème oral rwandais. Le cas de Ruujukuûndi de Nshokeyinkâ
3. Faustin Rutembesa, L’administration belge et le parti Union nationale Rwandaise (UNAR). Repérage des mécanismes d’ ethnisation de la vie politique au Rwanda (1959 – 1962).
4. Charles Kabwete , Démocratie comme élément de propagande des partis politiques au Rwanda, de 1959 à 1962.
5. Déo Byanafashe, Mgr A. Perraudin et les changements politiques au Rwanda entre 1952 et 1962.
6. Célestin M. Kanimba & Charles Kabwete, Innovations dans le domaine de la Métallurgie au Rwanda.
7. Emmanuel Bugingo, .Jonh Dewey and Paulo Freire Two Complementary Approaches in Knowing /Learning Process: A New Alternative for the African Education Perspective.
8. Par Déo S. Mbonyinkebe, Le Génocide Rwandais et le Rôle des Elites Sociales. A propos de l’Essai de J.P.KIMONYO : Revue critique des interprétations du conflict rwandais. Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, Butare, 2 000.

II. List of articles published by Rwanda Journal of Health Sciences, 2011 – 2013, Rwanda journal of Health Sciences, ISSN 2226-728X (Print)

Rwanda journal of Health Sciences, Vol 2 No1, 2013
1. Illness Perceptions and Depression in Relation to Self-care Behaviour among Type 2 diabetes Patients in a Referral Hospital in Kigali-Rwanda By Nsereko E1*, Bavuma C2, Tuyizere M3, Ufashingabire C4, Rwakageyo JMV5 and Yamuragiye A6
2. Physical Environmental Barriers to School Attendance among Children with Disabilities in two Community Based Rehabilitation Centres in Rwanda By Sagahutu J Baptiste¹*, Tuyizere Malachie2 and Patricia Struthers
3. Knowledge and Attitude to Female Condom Use among Undergraduates of Kigali Health Institute, By Mbarushimana Valens1* and Ntaganira Joseph
4. Results of a Community Mentoring Programme for Youth Heads of Household in Rwanda: Effects on Youth Sexual Risk Behaviours and Maltreatment, By Joseph Ntaganira, Lisanne Brown, and Nancy B Mock
5. The Completeness of Physiotherapy Patient Registers in Kigali, Rwanda, By M’kumbuzi VRP¹*, Biraguma J² and Chevan J3
6. Perceived Impact of Health Sector Reform on Motivation of Health Workers and Quality of Health Care in Tanzania: the Perspectives of Healthcare Workers and District Council Health Managers in Four Districts, By Godfrey M Mubyazi1, 2* and Kato J Njunwa
7. Injury Profile in an Emergency Department at a Referral Hospital in Kigali, Rwanda, By Yamuragiye A1*, Ibambasi A2, Mutuyimana A3, Mutuyemariya O4 and Nsereko E1

Rwanda Journal of Health Sciences, Vol 2 No2, 2013
1. Public Knowledge, Perceptions and Practices in Relation to Infectious and other Communicable Diseases in Tanzania: Lessons Learnt from Babati District. By Godfrey M Mubyazi1*, Vivien K Barongo1, Mathias L Kamugisha2, Kato J Njunwa3
2. Factors that Hinder Parents from the Communicating of Sexual Matters with Adolescents in Rwanda, By Bushaija E1*, Sunday F X2, Asingizwe D2, Olayo R3, Abong’o B4
3. Prevalence of Oral and Maxillofacial Injuries among Patients Managed at a Teaching Hospital in Rwanda, By Majambo M H1*, Sasi R M1, Mumena C H1, Museminari G2, Nzamukosha J2, Nzeyimana A2, Rutaganda E
4. Therapeutic Efficacy of Cervical Traction in the Management of Cervical Radiculopathy: A Control Trial, By Adesola O Ojoawo1*, Ayo Olabode1, O Esan2, Abiodun Badru3, Sunday Odejide3, Bose Arilewola3
5. Condom Use and Number of Sexual Partners among Secondary School Female Students in an Urban City of Cameroon, By Tarkang E E1*

1. Analysis of Cost Impact of HIV/AIDS on Health Service Provision in Nine Regions, Tanzania: Methodological Challenges and Lessons for Policy
2. Maltreatment of Youth Heads of Households in Rwanda
3. Review-Rhetoric and Reality of Community Participation in Health Planning, Resource Allocation and Service Delivery: a Review of the Reviews, Primary Publications and Grey Literature
4. Wastewater Treatment for Pollution Control

List of articles published by Rwandan Journal of Education, 2012 – 2013, Rwandan Journal of Education, ISSN Print: 2227 – 9148, ISSN Online: 2312 – 9239

Rwandan Journal of Education, ISSN Print: 2227 – 9148, ISSN Online: 2312 – 9239 Second Issue
1. Student attendance and student achievement: a tumultuous and ambiguous couple. A case study of Kigali Institute of Education, By Eugene Nsanzabiga,
2. Plights of learners with Visual Impairments in Rwandan science Classes: Evidencing teachers’ practice in HVP Gatagara, By Evariste Karangwa1, Daniel Iyamuremye2, Agnes Muhindakazi3
3. Plights of learners with Visual Impairments in Rwandan science Classes: Evidencing teachers’ practice in HVP Gatagara, By Evariste Karangwa1, Daniel Iyamuremye2, Agnes Muhindakazi3
4. The role of “Musekeweya”, an entertainment-education radio soap opera in the promotion of reconciliation in Rwanda, By Frank Tanganika,
5. A study on the practices and challenges of Distance Training Programme (DTP) under Kigali Institute of Education (KIE), By Irénée Ndayambaje1, Théoneste Bimenyimana2, Viateur Ndahayo3

Rwandan Journal of Education, ISSN Print: 2227 – 9148, ISSN Online: 2312 – 9239, Third Issue
1. Institutionalising Gender and Women’s Studies at the University of Cape Coast in Ghana, By Akua Opokua Britwum, Georgina Yaa Oduro, and Mansah Prah,
2. Proposal for a new course of action in Education, By Albert Runyange
3. Six years of inclusive education at the University of Rwanda-College of Education: Evaluation and perspectives, By Eugene Nsanzabiga,
4. Towards Inclusive Education in Rwanda. An assessment of the socio-political contributors to Inclusive Education developments, By Evariste Karangwa,
5. Facing ICTs and e-learning environment: An investigation from the graduates registered in the first batch of e-learners under PanAfrican Tele-Education programs in Rwanda, By Irénée Ndayambaje,
6. The potential of endogenous learning approaches to gender and development studies in Rwanda, By Simon Asasira Rwabyoma
7. Towards inclusion? Developing teacher skills for communication with children who are deaf or hard of hearing in Uganda, By Stackus Okwaput

1. Job factors related to employees’ persistence in work-related activities in Kigali Institute of Education, by Chantal D. Kabanda, Elizabeth M. Role, Lazarus N. Makewa, and Claver Ndahayo
2. Kinyafranglais as a newly created “language” in Rwanda: Will it hamper the promotion of the language of instruction at Kigali Institute of Education? Cyprien Niyomugabo
3. Views on physical punishments in education by Damien Mulinga Mbikyo
4. From the “trapped language” to the hybridized language: an educational dilemma in teaching Kinyarwanda by Eugene Nsanzabiga
5. Drama as a Cross-Curricula teaching method by Mugumya R. Amooti,
6. The plight of non-native English-speaking teachers of languages in the teaching profession: a case of African teachers of English by Olive Phionah Nabukeera,
7. A study on the socioeconomic conditions of teachers in Primary and Secondary Public schools in Rwanda: case study of Bugesera, Nyarugenge and Ruhango Districts by Wenceslas Nzabalirwa1 and Ildephonse Nkiliye2

B. Summaries of Scientific Books
The University of Rwanda also publishes books and the former NUR Editions. Below are summaries of books published.
1. Danses Rwandaises Traditionnelles – INTORE (240 pages), Editions of National University of Rwanda, 2013, by Beata Maria Shyaka
The author assembles in this book the most important form of dances among the Rwandan intore from the 4 royal troups, performing between the years 1925-1959. The canon selected in this way is exposed to the analysis and structural definition of the most popular form of Rwandan warrior dances, which is umuhamirizo. Finally, to compare the primary versions of the imihamirizo to the versions of the 9 troups of the two later generations (1st : 1961- 1973; 2nd : 1973- 2008) as well as those published by Nkulikiyinka (2002).

This is an original work. First, because it also consists in the documentation of the steps and some characteristic movements of the mentioned dances, that no longer exist or have gone through considerable transformations throughout generations and their socio-political changes. Secondly, it contains the musical notation of the primary musical forms accompanying the performances of the royal troups until 1959. Thirdly, it offers a historical approach on the formation of the intore dancers, especially itorero. Finally, it initiates the research in the field of safeguarding of the traditional rwandan dance forms to enable their transmission to future generations.

2. Ubuvanganzo nyarwanda. Inkuru ndende n’Ikinamico, Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2013 (Pp 299) by Jean Crhysostome Nkejabahizi
Rwandan literature which is known till now is that traditional one which is oral (dynastic poetry, pastoral poetry, heroic poetry, tales, narratives, riddles, etc.), especially the category which received a strong support from the Court. It has been known particularly through publications done by A. Kagame., Bishop A. Bigirumwami and others.
So, there is not a long time since Rwandan people began to write creative writings. But also the few written works in literature have not been analyzed or criticized. That is the main reason we decided to write this book in order to inform the public that Rwandan novel and drama exist and to tell them about those two genres.
Many Rwandans do not read and there is any publishing and distribution structure of writings. This book is the first one which analyses Rwandan novel and drama. There were some short writings in journals or few works made by students from High Institutions at the end of their scholarship period in Languages and Literature; but those works are not published.
This book has 6 chapters in which we deal with the history, the literariness and themes of Rwandan novel and drama. It ends by giving a list of the main writers and their creations in those 2 genres. We hope it will help a variety of people (writers, students, teachers and researchers) and make them appreciate and disseminate Rwandan literature.
3. Rwandan short stories in English, French and Kinyarwanda, Editions de l’Université nationale du Rwanda, 2013 (pages 471) Jean Crhysostome Nkejabahizi
In spite of its affinity with the tale which is very appreciated in the Gacáamiganí’s (storyteller) country, the short story is a subgenre quite new and therefore badly known in Rwanda. Yet it started a long time before the novel and the first short story Matabaaro ajyá i Buraayi [When Matabaro left for Europe] by A. Kagame has been published in 1938. The first novel came more than ten years after.
Since that time, many short stories have been written particularly by the students of the National University of Rwanda, who participated indeed to contests organized by ex-ORTF and “Radio France Internationale” since 1981. Others wrote in English and Kinyarwanda, but very few of them have been widely diffused.

This collection is a really discovery. Not only it offers to the public almost all the Rwandan short stories which are available in different languages, but also the introduction of the book (which is repeated at the beginning of each part in accordance with the language of that one) permits to every reader to get the whole content of the texts, even those which are written in the languages he cannot decipher.

4. Amateka y’ubuvanganzo nyarwanda kuva mu kinyejana cya XVII kugeza magingo aya (374 pages) Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2011, Gamaliel Mbonimana and Jean Chrysostome Nkejabahizi.
This work was very expected because people ask if Rwandan literature existed before the arrival of White people, when this literature started, who were the authors of the first hour, which were the main genres, the literary quality of them, etc. And now, how is this literature, what about its future in the context of globalization? The book is divided in two parts: the first one is on the period before the arrival of White people and Christianity, in which are located a chapter on the popular literature and another on the official literature developed by the Court. In the second part, we have a chapter on the characteristics of that period marked by colonization. The last chapter is on Rwandan literature after the Independence. It is during this time written literature has been developed. They end by a conclusion and an important bibliography.
5. Le Rwanda et la politique du saumon : Un retour à la source pour un développement durable intégré, Editions de l’Universite Nationale du Rwanda, 2011 (Pges 67) Évariste Ntakirutimana
In his effort for reconstruction and development, Rwanda chose to resort to traditional practices in order to solve socioeconomic issues. This book deals with 9 practices reactivated in that perspective. A lexicosemantic study has been conducted to substantiate the reactivation of abunzi, gacaca, imihigo, ingando, itorero, ubudehe, umuganda, umuganura, umuvunyi.

6. Le Manifeste des Bahutu et la diffusion de l’idéologie de la haine au Rwanda 1957-2007 (247 pages), Editions of National University of Rwanda, 2010, Josias Semujanga, Faustin Rutembesa, Évariste Ntakirutiman, and Isaïe Nzeyimana
Le Manifeste des Bahutu et la diffusion de l’idéologie de la haine au Rwanda shows that even though the anthropological discourse had already established hutu, tutsi and twa identities as fixed ethnical groups, it is the political discourse which made of them to become operators of the ideology of hatrade from as que Si le discours anthropologique avait déjà établi les identités hutu, tutsi et twa en ethnies fixes, ce travail montre que c’est le discours politique qui les a définies en opérateurs d’idéologie du rejet à partir de la fin des années 50. Vers le milieu des années 50 en effet, la polarité richesse-pauvreté devient la grille de lecture de la société. Elle oppose les Tutsi (riches) aux H The book intends to determine how the Hutu Manifesto has developed hatred between Rwandans by transforming their identities and self-esteem. The main behaviors (discourse, myth, manifesto) of hate that served as premises to the genocide perpetrated against the Tutsi in 1994 are analyzed.

7. Primary school trilingual glossary French-English-Kinyarwanda(89 pages), Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2010, Pierre Canisius Ruterana, Mutwarasibo Faustin, Faustin Nsanzamahoro, Grégoire Mbonankira, Georges Rwamasirabo, Innocent Twagirimana, Jean claude Uwiringiyimana and Patrice Ntawigira
The Primary school trilingual glossary aimed at solving problems linked to linguistic, scientific and social contexts in Primary schools in Rwanda. It contains 10,250 terminologies collected from the 46 textbooks which cover the subjects taught in Kinyarwanda, English and French at primary school level. These words were translated in either of the three national languages. The 10.250 terms including 4,776 for science and elementary technology; 846 for mathematics, economy and statistics; 2,297 for the geography, history, civic education; 1,531 for the sport; and 781 for the language (grammatical categories). In whole, it provides for the lack of lexicographical works of reference to help primary school pupils learning and the teachers teaching the terms contained in various books used in primary schools in the three official languages. This lexicon is also useful for Rwanda community by contributing to reducing linguistic barriers among the Rwandan society. Having primary school learners as the primary target in particular and Rwandan people in general, the book can also help foreigners learn basic terminologies in either of the three languages.

8. Les wellérismes du Rwanda “Rukinamubikómeye”. Textes, traduction et commentares (142 pages) [Wellerisms from Rwanda “Rukinamubikómeye”. Texts, translation and comments]. Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda , 2009, Jean Chrysostome NkejabahizI
There are many collections of minor genres of Rwandan oral literature. But sometimes there is an amalgam which creates confusion about, for example, proverbs, sayings, maxims, adages, wellerisms, etc. The texts collected in this book had no name in Rwandan tradition, there were considered as proverbs, humoristic texts and even sometimes as riddles. The author of this book tried to clarify by giving a denomination to this kind of texts. He names them “rukinamubikómeye” which means to joke when the situation is complicated, a concept which joins the concept found in wellerism.
Texts are presented by following a thematic classification and each text is translated in French and accompanied by a comment on its meaning according to the first context in which it has been used and that sense must be adapted all the time.
The collection can be used as a source of information for many kinds of analysis and the author has another book in which he analyze ethno linguistically this kind of texts.
9. Ubusizi nyarwanda (361 pages) [Rwandan poetry], Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2009, NKEJABAHIZI Jean Chrysostome
The Ubusizi nyarwanda ([Rwandan poetry) aims at presenting the realistic scope of Rwandan Poetry. Many people up today think that Rwandan poetry is made only by the ancient triad (dynastic, pastoral and heroic poetry). The modern one, they prefer name it ‘sayings’ with a pejorative spirit. And the existing review on Rwandan poetry made essentially by A. Kagame, B. Muzungu, C. Rugamba and recently C. Kayumba talk about only that component. This book has the advantage of presenting Rwandan poetry in general from the beginning up to now. So, it analyses it by following different points of view: historical, thematic and literary ones, the oral and the written poetry which can be in Kinyarwanda or in foreign languages. The book is subdivided in four chapters: General information on Rwandan poetry (who can do poetry in Rwanda, when, where and how they do it? What is the relevance of a poet in the country, etc.). The second chapter deals with traditional poetry, modern poetry in Kinyarwanda constitutes the third one and the fourth is on modern poetry in foreign languages

Profiles of authors
1. Beata Maria Shyaka
She is a pedagogue artist, choreographer and musicotherapeute. She has a Masters in Artistic Education with a specialization in Music (Pologne, 2000) and a Post Graduate Diploma in Musicotherapy (Varsovie Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology 2001). She was a Lecturer and researcher at the Centre for Arts and Drama of the National University of Rwanda (2002-2008). She carried out various research projects of therapeutic intervention and research-action in favour of local communities. Since 2010, she is the Executive Secretary for IDEAC (Initiative for Development, Education and Culture), a Rwandan NGO. She is the author of “Musique Rwandaise, Chanson d’Annonciata Mutamuliza” (Butare, 2007) and “Danses Rwandaises Traditionnelles-INTORE” (2013). She is doing a PhD in Ethnomusicology at the University of Varsovie.

2. Pierre Canisius RUTERANA
Pierre Canisius RUTERANA holds a PhD in Educational Sciences (Behavioural Sciences and Learning) from Linkoping University in Sweden since 2012, and an MA in Translation Studies from the University of Warwick in UK since 2001. He has lectured at the Faculty of Arts, Media and Social Sciences/Department of Modern Languages/Option: Translation and Interpreting of the National University of Rwanda. His current research concerns the development of a reading culture and literacy in Rwanda. His major publications include his PhD thesis The Making of a Reading Society: Developing a Culture of Reading in Rwanda (2012) at ; Children’s Literature in Rwanda: Translating Fairy Tales (2012), and a Trilingual Glossary French- English- Kinyarwanda for Primary Schools in Rwanda (2010). His articles include: Exploring home literacy practices among Rwandan families published in the International Journal of Research in Education, 3 (1) (2011); Children’s Reflections on Gender Equality in Fairy Tales: A Rwanda Case Study published in The Journal of Pan African Studies, Vol.4, no.9, January 2012, 85-101; Enhancing the culture of reading in Rwanda: Reflections by students in tertiary institutions. The Journal of Pan African Studies, Vol.5, no.1, March 2012, 36-54 (2012).
3. Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI
Jean Chrysostome NKEJABAHIZI was born at Mugesera (actual Ngoma District), in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. He got a Master’s degree in Languages and African Literatures at National University of Rwanda (1986) before obtaining a PhD in Philosophy and Arts at University of Liège (Belgium) in 2003. He is now Full Professor in the Faculty of Arts, Media and Social Sciences at National University of Rwanda. He teaches and publishes about national literature of his country, but also on other African literatures. Among his recent publications, we can mention Anthologie de la littérature rwandaise moderne [Anthology of Rwandan Modern Literature] (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2009), written in collaboration with two colleagues JMV Kayishema and Augustin Rudacogora; Ubusizi nyarwanda [Rwandan Poetry] (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2009), Les wellérismes du Rwanda. Textes, traduction et commentaires [Wellerisms from Rwanda. Texts, translation and comments] (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2009), Amateka y’Ubuvanganzo nyarwanda kuva mu kinyejana cya XVII kugeza magingo aya [History of Rwandan literature from the XVIIth Century up to now] (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2011) in collaboration with Prof. G. Mbonimana; Ubuvanganzo nyarwanda. Inkuru ndende n’ikinamico [Rwandan literature. Novel and drama] (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2013) and Rwandan Short stories in English, French and Kinyarwanda (Eds of National University of Rwanda. 2013); Les wellérismes du Rwanda. Approche ethnolinguistique (Éditions de l’Université nationale du Rwanda, 2013).
4. Évariste Ntakirutimana
Trained sociolinguist at Université Laval (Quebec, Canada), Evariste Ntakirutimana is a Full Professor at the National University of Rwanda, Faculty of Arts, Media and Social Sciences. He published many articles on language and Rwandan society. He is member of many international associations such as BAAL (British Association for Applied Linguistics), LTT (Lexicology, Terminology and Translation network), AILA (Association Internationale de Linguistique Appliquée: International Association for Applied Linguistics), EFRARD (Espace Francophone pour la Recherche et le Développement). Currently he is Chief Editor of Synergies Afrique des Grands Lacs, an international and Scientific Journal.
5. Josias Semujanga
Josias Semujanga has a Phd in Literature. He is a full professor at the University of Montreal in Canada. He has also been lecturing at the National University of Rwanda. He has published among many other books “Le génocide, sujet de fiction (2008); La rumeur (2004); Les récits fondateurs du drame rwamdais (1998).
6. Faustin Rutembesa
Faustin Rutembesa, historian, is professor emeritus. He was professor and Director of Research at National University of Rwanda. He published “Idendentité et citoyenneté” among my other publications on Rwandan society.
7. Isaie Nzeyimana
Isaie Nzeyimana is a philosopher. He is Senior Lecturer at University of Rwanda. He published “Finalités de l’éducation, Essaie d’une philosophie anthropologique de l’éducation au Rwanda”.
8. Augustin Rudacogora
Augustin Rudacogora has a PhD in “Littérature Comparée”. He published “Mémoire des sites et sites de mémoire au Rwanda après 1994” in Rwanda Journal (Etudes Rwandaises) Vol. 9, 2005 and is a co-author of “Antologie de la littérature rwandaise modern.
9. Jean Marie Kayishema
He is Full Professor at the department of Modern Languages, Publishing and Creative writing at University of Rwanda. He conducts research in sociocritics, myth, rite, symbolism and genocide. He plublished various articles especially in “De paroles en figures” (Montréal, l’Harmattan, 1996), Présence Francophone (Université de Sherbrooke, 1998), Collection GRELCA (Université Laval, 1999), Etudes Rwandaises (Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2003, 2005), Uruhare rw’umuco mu kubaka umuryango nyarwanda (Editions de l’Université Nationale du Rwanda, 2007) and many others. Dramatist, Prof. Kayishema was also Director of the Centre of Arts and Drama of the National University of Rwanda (2000-2007)